What Are Rights Protected B The Constitution Called?

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The rights protected by the constitution are known as constitutional rights or fundamental rights. These rights are considered to be the cornerstone of a free and democratic society, and they are enshrined in various constitutional documents around the world. In the United States, the most well-known document protecting these rights is the Bill of Rights, which was added to the U.S. Constitution in 1791.

The Bill of Rights contains 10 amendments that protect various rights, including freedom of speech, freedom of religion, the right to bear arms, and protection against unreasonable searches and seizures. These rights are essential to maintaining a free and open society, but they also raise important questions about the limits of individual freedom and the role of government in protecting those freedoms.


  • Protection of individual liberty: Constitutional rights protect individuals from government overreach and ensure that they have the freedom to live their lives as they see fit.
  • Ensuring equality: Constitutional rights protect minorities and marginalized groups from discrimination and ensure that everyone has an equal opportunity to participate in society.
  • Limiting government power: Constitutional rights serve as a check on government power, preventing abuses of authority and ensuring that the government operates within the bounds of the law.
  • Establishing a rule of law: Constitutional rights provide a framework for a just and equitable society, ensuring that laws are applied equally and fairly to all individuals.


  • Limitations on individual freedom: Constitutional rights can limit individual freedom in certain circumstances, such as when public safety is at risk.
  • Conflicts between different rights: Constitutional rights can sometimes come into conflict with each other, leading to difficult decisions about which right should take precedence in a given situation.
  • Interpretation and enforcement: Constitutional rights are often subject to interpretation by courts and government officials, which can lead to inconsistent application and potential abuses of power.
  • Costs: Protecting constitutional rights can be expensive, both in terms of financial resources and in the time and effort required to enforce these rights.

It is clear that constitutional rights are an essential aspect of a free and democratic society, but they are not without their challenges and limitations. Striking the right balance between protecting individual liberty and ensuring public safety is an ongoing challenge, and one that requires constant vigilance and engagement from all members of society. By working together to uphold these rights and promote a culture of respect and tolerance, we can continue to build a more just and equitable world for all.

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